It is situated in the northern piece of Mahasamund region of Chattisgarh, at a separation of 85 km from the Raipur airplane terminal. It covers a generally little territory of 245 sq km and the geography involves level and uneven landscape. The rich green vegetation of the Sanctuary contains tropical dry deciduous backwoods greenery which incorporates trees like Teak, Sal, Bamboo and Terminalia and plants like Seemal, Mahua, Ber and Tendu. The untamed life assortment ranges from little creatures like Sloth bear, Flying Squirrels, Jackals, Black Bucks, Barking Deer, Porcupine, Monkey to Four-horned Antelope, Leopards, Chinkara, Bison, Striped Hyena, Wild Dogs, Chital, Sambhar, Nilgai, Gaur, Wild Boar, Cobra, Python and Tiger. The winged animal populace incorporates such individuals as Parrots, Bulbul, Peafowl, Woodpeckers, Egrets, Herons, White Rumped Vultures, Lesser Kestrels, Racket-followed Drongos and so forth. Summer in Barnawapara is exhausting and it is better to avoid visiting during this season. Monsoon starts in July and ends in September here and after which the forest becomes lush green; therefore, the best time to visit Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary is after monsoon season i.e between November and June.